A fall severe weather episode brought tornadoes, damaging winds, and hail to portions of Texas during the evening hours of October 20th into the pre-dawn hours of October 21st.

Isolated severe thunderstorms developed in a warm-air advection scheme in East Texas during the late afternoon hours. One of those thunderstorms evolved into a discrete supercell that became tornadic in Panola County, west of Carthage. That storm continued producing tornadoes as it moved east into Lousiana.

Additional discrete supercell thunderstorms developed in southwest of the D/FW Metroplex around dinner-time. Those supercells produced large hail as they progressed into the metroplex.

Wind shear values increased substantially after sunset and resulted in two of those supercells to become tornadic. Multiple tornadoes were produced by two separate supercells in Dallas, Ellis, Rockwall, Kaufman, and Van Zandt counties.

As a cool front moved south into North Texas a line of severe thunderstorms erupted shortly after midnight. The strongest storms within the squall line produced damaging straight-line winds over 70 MPH.

Damage produced by straight-line winds was noted around Eagle Mountain Lake, Farmersville, and on South Padre Island in the Rio Grande Valley. We note those straight-line winds were comparable in strength to a weak tornado. Once again we remind readers that it does not matter whether the damage is produced by straight-line winds or a weak tornado.

Additional surveys conducted by National Weather Service meteorologists in the coming days may result in the number of confirmed tornadoes increasing. That information will be added to this post and the interactive map below as needed – along with updated survey information. This survey information is current as of October 22, 2019,9 PM.

Damage Survey Results

National Weather Service crews from Brownsville, Fort Worth, and Shreveport have conducted damage surveys. These surveys are to confirm whether the damage was caused by a tornado or straight-line winds. Once the mode of damage is confirmed crews than determine the estimated strength of the winds. The intensity of an event is based on the most severe damage. Typically the most intense tornado/wind damage is confined to one or two structures. The remainder of the damage is usually from weaker winds or less well-built structures. We will update this post with any updated survey information.

NOTE: The detailed survey information will be updated into this post when it becomes available.

Southwest of Beckville in Panola County, TX

Rating:                 EF0

Estimated Peak Wind:    85 mph

Path Length /statute/:  0.8 miles

Path Width /maximum/:   150.0 yards

Fatalities:             0

Injuries:               0


Start Date:             10/20/2019

Start Time:             07:36 PM CDT

Start Location:         8 SW Beckville / Panola County / TX

Start Lat/Lon:          32.1470 / -94.5443


End Date:               10/20/2019

End Time:               07:38 PM CDT

End Location:           7 SSW Beckville / Panola County / TX

End Lat/Lon:            32.1477 / -94.5307


Summary: The tornado touched down along the south side of Highway

79 just west of County Road 280 in western Panola County where it

broke some large branches out of trees and uprooted a few more.

Then, it traveled east-northeast along the north side of Highway

79 where it uprooted and snapped a few trees and damaged a roof to

a residential home. It continued on to the east-northeast where

it broke more branches out of a few more trees before lifting near

the intersection of County Road 1251 and County Road 124.


Much appreciation is extended to the emergency management teams in

Rusk County and Panola County for their assistance with

identifying locations of the damage. In addition, thanks to TDEM

for their assistance during the survey.


Las Colinas to Richardson Tornado

Rating:                 EF-3

Estimated Peak Wind:    140 mph

Path Length /statute/:  15.75 miles

Path Width /maximum/:   1300 yards

Fatalities:             0

Injuries:               UNKNOWN


Start Date:             10/20/2019

Start Time:             20:58 CDT

Start Location:         1.8 E of Las Colinas /Dallas County/

Start Lat/Lon:          32.87/-96.91


End Date:               10/20/2019

End Time:               21:30 CDT

End Location:           3 E of Richardson /Dallas County/

End Lat/Lon:            32.96/-96.68


The tornado formed in northwest Dallas, near State Highway 348 and

Luna Road, where large tree damage and minor roof damage was

initially observed. This tornado tracked toward the east-northeast,

crossing I-35E and impacted numerous commercial structures

between this freeway and Harry Hines Blvd. Extensive damage to

many businesses and residences, consistent with EF-1 and EF-2

intensity wind speeds, occurred near the intersection of Harry

Hines Blvd and Walnut Hill Lane. As the tornado moved eastward,

roughly coincident with Walnut Hill Lane, several gas stations,

large commercial buildings, and churches, and at least one multi-

story apartment complex sustained significant roof and exterior

wall damage. This path of strong EF-1 and EF-2 damage continued

east-northeast along Walnut Hill Lane through the Marsh Lane and

Midway Road corridors. East of Marsh Lane, the tornado

impacted more single-family residences, though commercial

structures were still adversely affected at times. Severe damage

to large hardwood trees, consistent with EF-1 intensity winds, was

observed throughout the damage path from Marsh Lane to US HWY 75.


Intermittent EF-1 and EF-2 damage also occurred to a number of

residences in this area. Many of these damaged homes were large

and/or well-established structures that sustained either partial

or total roof loss, accompanied by minor exterior wall damage.

This damage was consistent with 110-125 mph tornado winds. Within

one concentrated region of EF-2 damage along Northaven Road west

of US HWY 75, a particular single-family home was surveyed with total

roof loss, and multiple collapsed exterior walls. The survey team

determined that this damage was consistent with low-end EF-3

intensity winds of approximately 140 mph. This was the only

structure that was assigned an EF-3 rating for this tornado.


The tornado continued eastward, toward US HWY 75 and produced

significant roof damage to several businesses near US HWY 75

including office low-rise buildings, a car dealership, and a Home

Depot. Damage here was assigned an EF-2 intensity. The tornado

crossed over the southern part of the Texas Instruments campus

and then began to turn more northeastward and parallel

Greenville Avenue. Tree and roof damage consistent with EF-1

occurred as it crossed I-635. Several glass windows were blown

out at a mid-rise office building. The tornado crossed

an apartment complex near Walnut Street and Greenville Avenue where

dozens of units had sections of missing roof consistent with EF-1

damage of 95 to 110 mph. The tornado moved across the Cutters

Point apartment complex where numerous units experienced

significant roof loss consistent with 115 mph or EF-2 damage.

Another low-rise office building saw numerous windows blown out on

all sides. The tornado continued into the Richland Park, Lakes of

Buckingham, Richland Meadows, and College Park residential

subdivisions where widespread tree and roof damage consistent

with 80 to 95 mph winds occurred. A few homes in this area saw

complete or total roof loss where winds were estimated at 110 mph

or EF-1. The tornado began to weaken and took a sharp turn to the

north near Richardson Square where it tracked to the Huffhines

Park areas. Mostly tree damage occurred here with winds estimated

near 70 mph or EF-0. The track then turned to the west and became

very narrow near Duck Creek with the tornado dissipating as it

crossed Jupiter Rd. The tornado had a continuous track for 32

minutes, tracked for just over 15 miles, produced maximum winds of

140 mph, with a maximum width of three-quarters of a mile.


Garland Tornado

Rating:                 EF-2

Estimated Peak Wind:    135 mph

Path Length /statute/:  2.48 miles

Path Width /maximum/:   265 yards

Fatalities:             0

Injuries:               UNKNOWN


Start Date:             10/20/20109

Start Time:             21:24 CDT

Start Location:         3 WSW Garland /Dallas County/

Start Lat/Lon:          32.90/-96.68


End Date:               10/20/2019

End Time:               21:30 CDT

End Location:           Near Garland /Dallas County/

End Lat/Lon:            32.91/-96.64


Survey Summary: The tornado started on Kenmore Street just north

of West Miller Road where part of a Sears Facility warehouse was

heavily damaged. A wide section of the metal roof was peeled off

and subsequently the adjacent metal walls were also torn away.

Some of the interior support columns and beams were bent, causing

another part of the roof to collapse. In addition, an empty 18

wheeler was tipped over and a van was also on its side. The

tornado then struck a newly built warehouse to the east of this

facility where nearly the entire building collapsed. The interior

support columns were bent to the ground in this facility as the

pre-case concrete tilt-up walls collapsed to the east. The damage

to these two facilities indicated high end EF-2 damage with winds

of 135 mph. Damage from the second warehouse was blown into the

adjacent neighborhood to the east across Shiloh Road and damaged

some homes. The tornado also snapped and uprooted many trees and

damaged many roofs and homes along its path through the

residential area from Shiloh Road to Garland Avenue. Roof damage

consisted of a combination of loss of decking and shingles. Some

roofs were also damaged by fallen trees and other debris. One

house in particular on the corner of Westway Avenue and Patricia

Lane sustained damage to the garage which partially collapsed.

Damage in this neighborhood was consistent of EF-0 and EF-1

damage. The tornado then moved across Garland Ave towards Central

Park damaging more roofs and trees near Degge Circle, and then

damaging baseball fields and fences at the park. The tornado

continued northeast from the park causing minor damage as it

weakened, dissipating near Avenue D and Santa Fe Street.

Rowlett Tornado

Rating:                 EF-1

Estimated Peak Wind:    100 mph

Path Length /statute/:  6.0 miles

Path Width /maximum/:   500 yards

Fatalities:             0

Injuries:               UNKNOWN


Start Date:             10/20/2019

Start Time:             21:36 CDT

Start Location:         Near Rowlett /Dallas County/

Start Lat/Lon:          32.92/-96.57


End Date:               10/20/2019

End Time:               21:45 CDT

End Location:           Lake Ray Hubbard /Dallas County/

End Lat/Lon:            32.98/-96.50


The onset of damage with this path began along Larkin Lane in

Rowlett with a few trees and roofs damaged. The track continued

east northeast with the greatest intensity of damage observed in

the 4600 block of Hilcox Road just before President George

Bush Turnpike (PGBT) where one home lost most of the roof and saw severe

window damage and the garage exterior walls collapsed. Several metal

outbuildings and barns on this and adjacent properties were also

severely damaged or destroyed. Multiple trees were snapped or

uprooted along with power poles collapsed.


The tornado moved over the east side of the PGBT where several

houses and barns sustained significant roof damage or shingles

removed. The damage track continued north/northeast near the

Pleasant Valley neighborhood. A video shows this tornado as it was

over Lake Ray Hubbard where it likely lifted before reaching the

far shore.



Midlothian Tornado

Rating:                 EF-1

Estimated Peak Wind:    100 mph

Path Length /statute/:  2.9 miles

Path Width /maximum/:   380 yards

Fatalities:             0

Injuries:               UNKNOWN


Start Date:             10/20/2019

Start Time:             21:10 CDT

Start Location:         N Midlothian /Ellis County/

Start Lat/Lon:          32.50/-96.99


End Date:               10/20/2019

End Time:               21:15 CDT

End Location:           NNE Midlothian /Ellis County/

End Lat/Lon:            32.49/-96.95


Survey Summary: More information coming.

Ferris Tornado

A brief tornado has been confirmed in Ferris. Survey crews found damage consistent with a brief, weak EF0 tornado. Maximum winds were estimated to be near 85 MPH. Additional information will be posted when the full survey report is released.

Kaufman Tornado

Rating:                 EF-0

Estimated Peak Wind:    80 mph

Path Length /statute/:  0.04 miles

Path Width /maximum/:   50 yards

Fatalities:             0

Injuries:               0


Start Date:             10/20/2019

Start Time:             10:10 CDT

Start Location:         5 N of Kaufman /Kaufman County/

Start Lat/Lon:          32.4982/-96.9946


End Date:               10/20/2019

End Time:               10:11 CDT

End Location:           5 N of Kaufman /Kaufman County/

End Lat/Lon:            32.4983/-96.9945


Survey Summary: A tornado briefly formed approximately 5 miles north of Kaufman,

partially removing a portion of metal roofing from a single-family residence. A

large section of this roofing was blown back toward the southwest, into a

powerline. A nearby power pole was also partially snapped. The tornado

dissipated shortly after impacting this single residence.

Elmo Tornado

Rating:                 EF-1

Estimated Peak Wind:    105 mph

Path Length /statute/:  0.50 miles

Path Width /maximum/:   250 yards

Fatalities:             0

Injuries:               0


Start Date:             10/20/2019

Start Time:             10:39 CDT

Start Location:         3.5 miles SE of Elmo /Kaufman County/

Start Lat/Lon:          32.67/-96.14


End Date:               10/20/2019

End Time:               10:41 CDT

End Location:           3.7 miles SE of Elmo /Kaufman County/

End Lat/Lon:            32.68/-96.14


Survey Summary: A tornado formed in open country approximately 3.5 miles

SE of Elmo. Moving northeastward, this tornado removed sheet metal from

an outbuilding on ranch property. Immediately after crossing Kaufman County

Road 314, the tornado intensified, snapping two power poles along CR 314 and

impacting a single family residence and adjacent outbuildings. An adjacent metal

barn was severely damaged, with the sheet metal roof almost completely removed

and steel trusses severely bent. Several large trees on the property were snapped

or sustained major trunk damage. A personal weather station on the roof of the

home measured a wind gust of 100 mph during the tornado, and damage elsewhere on

the property was consistent with 95-105 mph EF-1 intensity windspeeds. The

tornado continued northeastward beyond the damaged residence for approximately

200 yards before dissipating. This tornado was spawned by the same supercell

that produced the EF-0 tornado 5N of Kaufman, as well as damage observed farther

SW near Midlothian, and NE toward Wills Point.

Wills Point Tornado

Rating:                 EF-0

Estimated Peak Wind:    78 mph

Path Length /statute/:  0.63 miles

Path Width /maximum/:   200 yards

Fatalities:             0

Injuries:               UNKNOWN


Start Date:             10/20/2019

Start Time:             22:59 CDT

Start Location:         1.9 N of Wills Point /Van Zandt County/

Start Lat/Lon:          32.73/-96.00


End Date:               10/20/2019

End Time:               23:04 CDT

End Location:           2 NE of Wills Point /Van Zandt County/

End Lat/Lon:            32.73/-95.99


A brief tornado touched down in Van Zandt County around 2300 CDT

10/20/19. The tornado formed 1/4 mile east of Van Zandt County

Road 3801, tracking east through a neighborhood of manufactured

homes along Van Zandt County Road 3849. The tornado was

approximately 200 yards wide and was on the ground for a little

more than 1/2 mile in its 5 minute lifespan. The tornado

dissipated just east of Lake Dr. (Highway 47). Multiple roofs

sustained damaged, mainly on the south side of Van Zandt County

Road 3849. Multiple sheds and carports were overturned and

damaged. A few small trees were uprooted and tree branches were

broken on numerous trees, all consistent with EF-0 damage between

70 and 78 mph.


Rockwall Tornado

Peak Wind /Estimated/:   90 mph

Path Length /statute/:  1.96 miles

Path Width /maximum/:   < 100 yards

Fatalities:             0

Injuries:               UNKNOWN


Start Date:             10/20/2019

Start Time:             21:48 CDT

Start Location:         West City of Rockwall /Rockwall County/

Start Lat/Lon:          32.93/-96.48


End Date:               10/20/2019

End Time:               21:54 CDT

End Location:           East City of Rockwall /Rockwall County/

End Lat/Lon:            32.94/-96.45


Wind damage was observed in Rockwall generally parallel with and

north of US 66, from the eastern shore of Lake Ray Hubbard into

northeastern Rockwall. The most intense damage was observed close

to the lake, along Sunset Hill Drive where several homes sustained

significant roof damage. As the damage path continued further east

across SH 205 damage consisted of downed trees and fences and missing

shingles on roofs. Based on eyewitness accounts and video footage, a

tornado, with maximum rated wind speeds of 90 mph, or EF-1 has been

confirmed. The tornado is believed to have developed over Lake Ray

Hubbard with a path length of almost 2 miles.


South Padre Island Straight-Line Wind Damage

A survey crew from the National Weather Service office in Brownsville determined damage to South Padre Island early Monday were caused by straight-line winds. The crew estimated maximum winds to be near 70 MPH. Those winds were likely caused by a strong rear-flank downdraft (RFD). A strong circulation likely producing a tornadic circulation was moving parallel to the island just offshore.

Stephenville Straight-line Wind Damage

Estimated Peak Wind:    80 mph

Path Length /statute/:  2.50 miles

Path Width /maximum/:   1.0 miles

Fatalities:             0

Injuries:               0


Start Date:             10/21/2019

Start Time:             12:15 AM CDT

Start Location:         1.25 W of Stephenville /Erath County/

Start Lat/Lon:          32.21/-98.23


End Date:               10/21/2019

End Time:               12:20 AM CDT

End Location:           1.25 SE of Stephenville /Erath County/

End Lat/Lon:            32.21/-98.18


Survey Summary: A line of severe thunderstorms moved across Erath County,

producing a pattern of downburst straight-line wind damage within the

City of Stephenville. Minor tree damage, consistent with 50 mph winds, was

first observed approximately 3 blocks west of the Tarleton State

University campus. Wind damage increased on the Tarleton campus proper,

highlighted by widespread tree branch and trunk damage, and the partial

removal of roofing material from a multi-story dormitory building. Maximum

wind speeds at this dorm were estimated at 75 mph, based on the severity of

the damage. Several other buildings on the Tarleton campus also sustained minor

damage. East of campus, numerous trees were damaged toward the downtown areas

of Stephenville, and at least one porch roof was detached from a single-family

home. The roof of the main fire station in downtown Stephenville sustained

major damage, as large sections of metal roofing material were removed

from the structure and deposited in the street. Straight line windspeeds

at this fire station were estimated to be 80 mph. Adjacent businesses in the

downtown area also received minor wind damage – mainly to window glass and roof

fascia. Additional scattered tree damage was observed just east through south

of downtown Stephenville. The downburst appeared to dissipate near the

intersection of US Highway 281 and US Highway 377 on the east side of the city.

Farmersville Straight-line Wind Damage

A bowing segment of a severe squall line moved east into Farmersville early Monday morning. There were radar indications of strong low-level rotation. This rotation did not produce a tornado but resulted in enhanced damaging straight-line winds over 70 MPH. Those winds were strong enough to produce wind damage comparable to a weak tornado.

Central Cass County Tornado

Rating:                 EF1

Estimated Peak Wind:    100 mph

Path Length /statute/:  9.12 miles

Path Width /maximum/:   150.0 yards

Fatalities:             0

Injuries:               0


Start Date:             10/21/2019

Start Time:             03:08 AM CDT

Start Location:         5 SSE Marietta / Cass County / TX

Start Lat/Lon:          33.1039 / -94.4987


End Date:               10/21/2019

End Time:               03:21 AM CDT

End Location:           5 S Douglassville / Cass County / TX

End Lat/Lon:            33.1162 / -94.3424


Summary: This tornado first touched down on County Road 2617 and

tracked almost due east through rural portions of central Cass

County for nearly 10 miles. Almost all of the damage was confined to

trees along the entire path. There were a few spots where small

amounts of tin roofing material were wrapped in amongst tree debris,

but the sources of the roofing material was never located. In

addition, at the surveyed ending point of the tornado on County Road

1145 there was a very small shed structure whose roof was removed.

It is worth noting that the length of the surveyed tornado path was

accompanied by KSHV radar date showing coincident tornado debris